Validación de una Escala para evaluar Clima Escolar en estudiantes Universitarios (ECE-U)

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Alejandra García Arista
  • Biografía

    Magister en Psicología. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM, Ciudad de México

Patricia Andrade Palos
  • Biografía

    Doctora en Psicología. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM, Ciudad de México

Nazira Calleja
  • Biografía

    Doctora en Psicología. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM, Ciudad de México

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio fue analizar las características psicométricas de una escala para medir clima escolar en estudiantes universitarios. Se elaboró un instrumento de auto reporte con 61 reactivos de las áreas social, escolar y física del clima escolar contenidas en las dimensiones: clima académico, comunidad, seguridad y entorno institucional. Participaron 329 estudiantes universitarios (69% mujeres y 31% hombres) con una edad promedio de 21.58 años, quienes de forma voluntaria accedieron a responder el cuestionario en línea. La muestra se dividió aleatoriamente en dos submuestras, 159 participantes para el análisis factorial exploratorio y 170 participantes para el análisis factorial confirmatorio. Se obtuvo un modelo con seis factores y el instrumento final se compuso de 21 reactivos con un valor de consistencia interna α = .858. Esta escala es útil para medir clima escolar y tomar decisiones que impacten positivamente en los jóvenes universitarios.

Palabras clave:
School community, academic climate, measurement, educational environment, confirmatory factor analysis, higher education Comunidad escolar, clima académico, medición, entorno educativo, análisis factorial confirmatorio, educación superior comunidade escolar, clima acadêmico, medição, ambiente educacional, análise fatorial confirmatória, ensino superior

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