Identidad social: conductas sanitarias y solidarias en México ante el confinamiento por COVID-19

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Melissa García Meraz
  • Biografía

    Doctora en Psicología Social. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México UNAM

Resumen

En concordancia con la teorización y hallazgos empíricos del Modelo Elaborado de la Identidad Social, se adaptó una escala para evaluar las conductas solidarias durante la emergencia derivada de la enfermedad COVID-19. 600 mujeres y 400 hombres respondieron la batería en redes sociales y otros contactos digitales. Los resultados del Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio mostraron un ajuste adecuado del instrumento χ2(247) = 732.53 p < .001, CFI = .96; RMSEA = .045; SRMR = .049. Un segundo modelo, que incluyó la exposición a la emergencia sanitaria, probó diversas hipótesis relacionadas con la predicción de la ejecución de conductas solidarias, los resultados mostraron un ajuste adecuado χ2(247) = 732.53 p < .001, CFI = .96; RMSEA = .045; SRMR = .045. La identidad social, derivada de un destino común ante la emergencia, y la observación de conductas solidarias predicen el seguimiento de normas sanitarias, brindar apoyo socioemocional y coordinado en redes.

Palabras clave:
Identity, solidarity, COVID-19, norms, México Identidad, solidaridad, COVID-19, normas, México Identidade, solidariedade, COVID-19, normas, México

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