Enfoque del paciente con cavitación pulmonar

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Ana María Arango Rivas
  • Biografía

    Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Medellín, Colombia.

Mónica Zuluaga Quintero
  • Biografía

    Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe. Medellín, Colombia. Salud SURA. Medellín-Colombia.

Resumen

Una cavitación es un hallazgo común en imágenes pulmonares, secundaria a condiciones infecciosas, inflamatorias, tumorales y autoinmunes, siendo las primeras la causa más común en todos los niveles de atención y geográficos. El abordaje diagnóstico debe ser riguroso, integrando la imagen con la historia clínica del paciente, sus antecedentes personales y exposiciones, así como el tiempo de evolución de los síntomas; estos son elementos clave para el enfoque. Siempre es fundamental integrar los hallazgos clínicos con el laboratorio y la patología para llegar a un diagnóstico preciso y a un tratamiento oportuno, pues la imagen aislada no es suficiente, dadas las múltiples etiologías descritas y la variedad de presentación que hacen de este signo radiológico solo una premisa a la confirmación de una enfermedad subyacente.

Palabras clave:
lung diseases, pulmonary aspergillosis, tuberculosis pulmonary, pulmonary infarction enfermedades pulmonares, aspergilosis pulmonar, tuberculosis pulmonar, infarto pulmonar doenças pulmonares, aspergilose pulmonar, tuberculose pulmonar, infarto pulmonar

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Referencias

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