Comparación psiconeuroinmunológica de hombres que tienen sexo con hombres con diferentes comportamientos de riesgo sexual

Contenido principal del artículo

Jorge Emiro Restrepo
Wildeman Zapata
Ana Claudia Ossa Giraldo
Gina Paula Cuartas Montoya

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar si existen diferencias emocionales, de personalidad, neuropsicológicas, neurobiológicas e inmunológicas entre hombres que tienen sexo con hombres con comportamientos sexuales de bajo y alto riesgo, aplicando  metodologías y teorías de ciencias del comportamiento, neurociencias y procedimientos tradicionales en el ámbito celular y  molecular con una cohorte de 30 participantes VIH negativos de Medellín, Colombia. Los participantes se clasificaron en dos grupos según la frecuencia de las parejas sexuales en los últimos tres meses. Resultados: El principal hallazgo de este estudio fue haber  detectado algunas diferencias psicológicas entre dos grupos. La depresión, el estrés y el neuroticismo mostraron diferencias entre el grupo de alto riesgo y el grupo de bajo riesgo. Ninguna de las otras variables psicológicas, neuropsicológicas, neurobiológicas o inmunológicas mostró diferencias entre los grupos. Conclusiones: se identificaron ciertas carácterísticas psicológicas que  diferenciaron a ambos grupos (particularmente la emocionalidad negativa), pero no hubo diferencias en los perfiles  neuropsicológicos o inmunológico.

Palabras clave:
Psiconeuroinmunología VIH Depresión estr´és Neuroticismo

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Detalles del artículo

Biografía del autor/a

Jorge Emiro Restrepo, Tecnológico de Antioquia Institución Universitaria

Doctor en Neuropsicología

Wildeman Zapata, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia

Doctor en Biología

Ana Claudia Ossa Giraldo, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia

Doctora en Ciencias Básicas Biomédicas

Gina Paula Cuartas Montoya, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia

Doctora en Psicología