Dewey como Experiencia

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Carlos Manuel Montenegro Ortiz
  • Biografía

    PhD. in Education, Universidad Santo Tomás, Colombia. M. Ed. Universidad Externado de Colombia. B. Ed. Artistic Education, CENDA, Colombia. Secondary school teacher (Music/Ethics) Secretaría de Educación del Distrito Capital, SED Bogotá-Colombia, at I.E.D. Nueva Zelandia.

Resumen

¿Qué quiso decir John Dewey cuando se refirió a la Experiencia? A menudo, los investigadores que estudian la obra de John Dewey (filósofos, psicólogos, artistas y educadores, entre muchos otros) intentan descifrar las tesis, planteamientos y postulados del pensador norteamericano. Sin embargo, su estilo personal de escritura y forma de comunicar las ideas, han impedido lograr precisión en la interpretación de muchos de sus conceptos; llegando inclusive a pensarse que son idealismos superficiales. Una revisión detallada del estado del arte realizada durante la última década, en términos del concepto de “Experiencia” en Dewey, permite pensar que dicha idea -aunque sin ser definida con exactitud de diccionario- puede ser analizada aún con mayor precisión. Y es este último precisamente, el debate de reflexión que quedará abierto a la comunidad académica, partiendo del presente artículo. Para aclarar y posteriormente definir el concepto, se presentan a continuación dos aspectos fundamentales e inherentes al mismo. Por una parte, la línea pragmatista que se aborda como marco epistemológico del concepto. Por otro, sus elementos: el organismo vivo y la naturaleza, los cuales -como ejes de una influencia empirista-, serán analizados desde la visión del filósofo de Vermont. Dicho concepto será también abordado desde tres perspectivas importantes: biológica, psicológica y social, teniendo en cuenta que -según Dewey- las experiencias reales se producirán si luego de ellas viene el "significado". Por último, mediante un enfoque interpretativo, se apuntará a responder la pregunta planteada al inicio de este resumen.

Palabras clave:
John Dewey, Pragmatism, Experience, nature, organism, action John Dewey, Pragmatismo, Experiencia, Naturaleza, Organismo, Acción

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