Metodologías y materiales para el entrenamiento en técnicas quirúrgicas: revisión sistemática

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Sebastián Calle-Díaz
Sofía García-Osorio
  • Biografía

    Corporación Universitaria Remington. Medellín

José F. Flórez-Arango
  • Biografía

    Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Medellín, Colombia. Universidad de Texas A & M. Texas, EE. UU.

Ever A. Torres-Silva
Iván F. Luna-Gómez
Sandra M. Fernández-Ramírez

Resumen

Objetivo: Revisar las metodologías y los materiales utilizados en la enseñanza de técnicas quirúrgicas para personal de la salud, publicados durante los últimos siete años. Metodología: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica en la base de datos PubMed sobre materiales y metodologías utilizados en educación quirúrgica determinando criterios de inclusión y exclusión para filtrar los diferentes artículos. Resultados: Se encontraron 1190 artículos, de los cuales se descartaron 826 por no cumplir con el rango de la revisión sistemática. Se utilizaron 59 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y de exclusión para la revisión. Conclusiones: El entrenamiento para obtener habilidades en técnicas quirúrgicas a través de la simulación es una oportunidad para estudiantes y maestros de avanzar en el saber y el hacer; se deben acoplar los materiales con el espacio para obtener resultados esperados. La investigación continúa con el fin de encontrar mejores opciones para la adquisición de las destrezas y habilidades quirúrgicas.

Palabras clave:
Simulation, simulation training, general surgery, diagnostic techniques surgical Simulación, Entrenamiento Simulado, Cirugía General, Técnicas De Diagnóstico Quirúrgico Simulação, treinamento simulado, cirurgia geral, técnicas de diagnóstico cirúrgico

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