Las funciones ejecutivas y la lectura: Revisión sistemática de la literatura

Gerardo Restrepo, Liliana Calvachi Gálvez, Isabel Cristina Cano Álvarez, Adalberto León Ruiz Márquez

Resumen


Las funciones ejecutivas son procesos cognitivos de alto nivel, responsables de la planeación, ejecución y evaluación que el sujeto hace de su propia conducta. Su estudio se justifica puesto que están involucradas en los procesos de aprendizaje y desarrollo infantil y son el núcleo mismo del comportamiento social y adaptativo del ser humano. Por consiguiente, identificar los factores que intervienen en su desarrollo se ha convertido en un objetivo esencial de las investigaciones que buscan desarrollar intervenciones eficaces, en el campo clínico y educativo, en niños y adolescentes. Este artículo revisa la literatura científica que relaciona las funciones ejecutivas y el desempeño académico con el aprendizaje de la lectura. Se revisan los artículos científicos sobre este tópico, publicados desde el 2010 hasta el 2015. De un total de 34 resultados de búsqueda, 6 publicaciones científicas fueron seleccionadas y analizadas según criterios predefinidos


Palabras clave


Funciones ejecutivas; lectura; aprendizaje; desarrollo

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18566/infpsic.v19n2a06