Cuestiones Teológicas https://revistas.upb.edu.co/index.php/cuestiones <p><strong>ISSN: 2389-9980 (Online) | DOI: 10.18566/cueteo <br /></strong>The <em>Cuestiones Teológicas</em> Journal is a publication edited by the School of Theology of Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Its main topic is focused on the great areas of theological knowledge, Fundamental Theology, Dogmatic Theology, Biblical Theology, Moral Theology, Pastoral Theology and Church History, from interdisciplinary positions, seeking to generate an open dialogue with current culture. Its purpose is to present the results of researches developed by national and international researchers and professors, with a particular interest on presenting the aspects of the methodology and the methods used for the research, in order for them to contribute to the theological knowledge.<br /><strong>Keywords:</strong> Fundamental Theology, Dogmatics, Bible, Moral, Pastoral, Church History, Spirituality, Interculturality.</p> Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana en-US Cuestiones Teológicas 0120-131X Benedict XV’s Courage and Prophetism: A Necessary Historical Rescue https://revistas.upb.edu.co/index.php/cuestiones/article/view/7686 <p><span class="TextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0" lang="PT-BR" xml:lang="PT-BR" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">The </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">article</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">intends</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">to</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">expose</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">boldness</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">and</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">at</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">same</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> time, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">evangelical</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">courage</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> Pope Benedict XV, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">who</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">ruled</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">Church</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">from</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> 1914 </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">to</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> 1922, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">during</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">First</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> World War, for </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">which</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">pontiff</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">launched</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">several</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">criticisms</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">and</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">exhortations</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> for </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">peace</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">to</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">belligerents</span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">. ,</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">albeit</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">unsuccessfully</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">. </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">Through</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">bibliographic</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">investigation</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> in </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">authors</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">ecclesiastical</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">history</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, a </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">brief</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">account</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">historical</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">context</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> in </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">which</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> Benedict XV </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">was</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">elected</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">is</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">made</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">with</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">emphasis</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">on</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">First</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> World War, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">to</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">highlight</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">his</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> performance in </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> face </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">conflict</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">. At </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">same</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> time, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">his</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">firmness</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> in </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">writing</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">Apostolic</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">Letter</span> </span><span class="TextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0" lang="PT-BR" xml:lang="PT-BR" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">Maximum</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">Illud</span></span><span class="TextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0" lang="PT-BR" xml:lang="PT-BR" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, in </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">context</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">missionary</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">activities</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">is</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">highlighted</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">which</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">also</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">ended</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">up</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">displeasing</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> some </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">wing</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">Church</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> for its </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">firm</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">posture</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">when</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">saying</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, for </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">example</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">that</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> no </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">congregation</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">owns</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> a </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">certain</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">territory</span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">. ,</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">but</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">he</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> must </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">settle</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">there</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">until</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> a local </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">clergy</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">is</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">formed</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">. </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">Analyzing</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">behavior</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> Benedict XV in </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> face </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">both</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">situations</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, it </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">appears</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">that</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">he</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">was</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> a </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">pope</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">who</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">always</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">knew</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">how</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">to</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">tell</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">truth</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">and</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">did</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">not</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">worry</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">about</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">popularity</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">which</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">is</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">why</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">he</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">ended</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">up</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">becoming</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> a </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">forgotten</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">or</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">little</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">explored</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">character</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">. In </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">this</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">sense</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">this</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">text</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">also</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">seeks</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">to</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">rescue</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">tireless</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> performance </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> Benedict XV </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">and</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">salute</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> it, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">bringing</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">him</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">to</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> role </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">one</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">important</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">pontificates</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">of</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">the</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0"> 20th </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW242481133 BCX0">century</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242481133 BCX0">.</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW242481133 BCX0" data-ccp-props="{&quot;201341983&quot;:0,&quot;335551550&quot;:6,&quot;335551620&quot;:6,&quot;335559739&quot;:0,&quot;335559740&quot;:240}"> </span></p> Ney De Souza Tiago Cosmo da Silva Dias Copyright (c) 2022 Cuestiones Teológicas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-12-16 2022-12-16 50 113 1 13 10.18566/cueteo.v50n113.a01 The relationship between word and desert in biblical semantics and in the salvific vocation of the jewish-christian tradition https://revistas.upb.edu.co/index.php/cuestiones/article/view/7804 <p><span class="TextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc" data-ccp-charstyle-defn="{&quot;ObjectId&quot;:&quot;3ecfaefe-da54-4740-8bc4-65cf707ed888|15&quot;,&quot;ClassId&quot;:1073872969,&quot;Properties&quot;:[469775450,&quot;y2iqfc&quot;,201340122,&quot;1&quot;,134233614,&quot;true&quot;,469778129,&quot;y2iqfc&quot;,335572020,&quot;1&quot;,469778324,&quot;Default Paragraph Font&quot;]}">This article analyzes the umbilical relationship between two important terms for biblical exegesis</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> and for the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">judeo-christian</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> theological-spiritual tradition</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">: word and desert. In </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">Hebrew</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> they find an even greater spiritual meaning, since </span></span><span class="TextRun Highlight SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="No Spacing">dā</span></span><span class="TextRun Highlight Underlined SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="No Spacing">b</span></span><span class="TextRun Highlight SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="No Spacing">ār</span></span><span class="TextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> has a strong semantic similarity to </span></span><span class="TextRun Highlight SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="No Spacing">mi</span></span><span class="TextRun Highlight Underlined SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="No Spacing">d</span></span><span class="TextRun Highlight SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="No Spacing">bār</span></span><span class="TextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">. More than bringing all the richness of the biblical story that took place in the desert, the aim is to </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">demonstrate</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> that this is a privileged place for listening to the word. In the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">desert</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> there are love stories that could only be written by the heart of God. Both the Old </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">Testament and New Testament</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">are permeated</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> with these stories. Some of them </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">will be </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">remembered</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> here and we hope to contribute to relativize the negative view of what the desert is.</span> <span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">Therefore, the article seeks to analyze the intimate relationship between the terms word and desert, whether in semantic assonance or in the theme of spirituali</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">ty, which unites the two terms. </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">The desert is not only a place of aridity and solitude, due to its climatic issues, but it is </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">above all for</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> listening to the Word of YHWH, precisely because it is a sober and hard place at the same time, to which God leads his people </span><span class="NormalTextRun AdvancedProofingIssueV2Themed SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">in order</span><span class="NormalTextRun AdvancedProofingIssueV2Themed SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> to</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> speak to his heart (Hosea 2,</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">16). This reality </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">is </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">witnessed</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> throughout the Sacred Scriptures, permeating the various biblical </span></span><span class="TextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">corpora</span></span><span class="TextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">, such as the Pentateuch, the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">Prophets</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc"> and the Gospels. </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW30757250 BCX0" data-ccp-charstyle="y2iqfc">As Israel had it experience of being led into the wilderness to hear and discern the voice of God, so too did John the Baptist, the forerunner of the Messiah; Jesus Christ himself, in order to enter into greater intimacy with the Father and overcome temptations (Mk 1,12-13 Mt 4,1-11; Lk 4,1-13), listening to the voice that cries in the desert (Mk 1,3; Is 40,3), because in it God speaks affectionately to his people and gives them his word.</span></span></p> Waldecir Gonzaga Luiz Henrique Lucas Barbosa Copyright (c) 2022 Cuestiones Teológicas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-12-16 2022-12-16 50 113 1 24 10.18566/cueteo.v50n113.a02 The Preferential Option for the Poor and the Social Doctrine of the Church. 50 years after the emergence of Gustavo Gutiérrez's Liberation Theology https://revistas.upb.edu.co/index.php/cuestiones/article/view/7608 <p><span class="TextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="auto"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0">This article presents an investigation about the 50 years since the publication of the book “Liberation Theology. Perspectives” by renowned Peruvian theologian Gustavo Gutiérrez. The text </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0">mainly analyzes</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0"> the issue of the preferential </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0">option</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0"> for the poor, (OPP) central to the theology of Liberation (</span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW188964806 BCX0">TdL</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0">) and its relationship with the social doctrine of the church (DSI). A dissonant and not always harmonious relationship, especially in the first moments of the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW188964806 BCX0">TdL</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0">. This article </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0">seeks</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0"> to understand how the OPP becomes a turning point and meeting point betwe</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0">en liberation theology and DSI. </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0">From the qualitative method (review and analysis of texts) of the most relevant documents of the DSI and the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2Themed SCXW188964806 BCX0">TdL</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW188964806 BCX0">, the consolidation process of the OPP is described, its presence in the Latin American teaching profession and its inclusion in the DSI, especially in the teaching profession. of Pope Francis. It concludes by affirming that the OPP, as a contribution of the Latin American Church to the theological reflection of the universal church, offers the necessary concretion to the social teaching of the church, this has allowed it to change its view of the poor and rediscover that they are not only subjects of help, but can be agents of their own destiny. At the same time, it allows him to freely assume that the OPP is a theological and Christocentric category, announcing it in this way can help awaken Christian awareness of the need to transform reality, from the poor and with the poor.</span></span></p> Edmundo Alarcón Caro Copyright (c) 2022 Cuestiones Teológicas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-12-16 2022-12-16 50 113 1 20 10.18566/cueteo.v50n113.a03 Reform and Synodality. Towards an ecumenism deepened at all levels in the theology of Hans Küng https://revistas.upb.edu.co/index.php/cuestiones/article/view/8061 <p><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW84707939 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="HTML Preformatted">Theology and the current magisterium have placed the themes of reform and </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW84707939 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="HTML Preformatted">synodality</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW84707939 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="HTML Preformatted"> at the center of their attention. However, both are intertwined in the ecclesial renewal movement that prepared, celebrated and carried forward the unfinished reception of the Second Vatican Council. It can be said that the topic is highly topical, although it has already been in theological reflection for more than 60 years. This article focuses on the relationship established between both themes in the ecumenical theology of Hans </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW84707939 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="HTML Preformatted">Küng</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW84707939 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="HTML Preformatted"> (1928-2021). The Swiss theologian has thought of the concepts of reform and ecumenism in synergy, has put them in relation, pointed out their contrasts. and provided a critical view showing the deep ties that unite them. The perspective of this study integrates the biographical-theological element as a hermeneutical criterion, which allows discovering the dynamic aspect of its proposal. As in every great theologian, also and particularly in </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW84707939 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="HTML Preformatted">Küng</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW84707939 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="HTML Preformatted">, the "biographical" acquires a central place to integrate the multiple nuances offered by his unique vision, both of ecumenical dialogue and interreligious dialogue. For this reason, the method adopted in this contribution is that of a biographical theology, which attempts a diachronic-synchronic proposal of its multiple interconnections, pointing out contributions and limits. In the article we present in four points, the challenge of a </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW84707939 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="HTML Preformatted">synodal</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW84707939 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="HTML Preformatted"> church from a deepened ecumenism at all levels, which includes a reform in fidelity to the Christological foundation, ecumenical openness with the Christian churches, dialogue with religions and the challenge of accepting a world ethic. Some open conclusions account for both the suggestiveness of the author's proposal and the criticism that has accompanied it.</span></p> Ricardo Miguel Mauti Copyright (c) 2022 Cuestiones Teológicas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-12-16 2022-12-16 50 113 1 19 10.18566/cueteo.v50n113.a04 Rethink the religious phenomenon. Approach to the encounter between mysticism and the possibility of being https://revistas.upb.edu.co/index.php/cuestiones/article/view/7506 <p>The meaning of life is found beyond eschatological concepts that, on occasions, separate human beings from their constitution as a project. This meaning can be founded, from a Heideggerian perspective, in the “fact” of being-in-the-world. This conception gives rise to the need to better understand the phenomenon of religious life as a manifestation of the search for meaning that continues to question the human being who returns to the religious phenomenon that seeks an answer to his search for the meaning of life and the fact that such a search<br />refers to the very mystery of existing. The human being of the religious phenomenon is not exempt from the tentatio, considered by primitive Christianity as a dispersion. Such tentatio, however, could be an element of great value in life, to the extent that it manages to lead the human being to a meaning: reflection before the very mystery of living. In this context, questions arise such as: To what extent can philosophy contribute to rethink the religious phenomenon? How has the phenomenon of religious life been read and how should it be read? Why look again at this phenomenon in today’s world? This article will take as its main reference Heidegger’s<br />Phenomenology of Religious Life, a work from which some concepts of primitive Christianity could be better understood for a reflection and understanding such that the reader can analyze the meaning of religious life beyond institutions in a fundamentally mystical perspective.</p> Diego Fernando Valencia Castañeda Copyright (c) 2022 Cuestiones Teológicas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-12-16 2022-12-16 50 113 1 15 10.18566/cueteo.v50n113.a05