Fifteen Years of Plan Colombia (2001-2016). The Recovery of a Weak State and the Submission of Narco-terrorist Groups?

Julio César Ramírez Montañez

Resumen


The main purpose of this discussion paper is to present a general view of the consequences of Plan Colombia for the Colombian conflict during the last 15 years. During that period, the governments of the United States and Colombia have worked together to fight the most significant challenge for security at the turn of the 21st century. The goals of Plan Colombia of reducing the cultivation, production, and distribution of illegal narcotics –being the cultivation of coca the main target– were not achieved. In addition, with Plan Colombia illegal mining grew and became an important income for Colombian narco-terrorist groups. However, with this strategy Colombia has achieved significant goals such as the strengthening of Colombian institutions and the consolidation of government presence in all regions of the national territory. Such a strategy has also contributed to restructuring the political and legal systems, the strengthening of the economy, the professionalization of the Armed Forces, and has made possible the beginning of processes that aimed at obtaining a negotiated peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the National Liberation Army (ELN).


Palabras clave


State security; Drug trafficking; Armed conflict; Violence; United State

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18566/apolit.v7n13.a05